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Obstructive hydrocephalus in adults

Search for hydrocephalus in adults. Find Symptoms,Causes and Treatments of Hydrocephalus.For Your Health Home Conditions Hydrocephalus Obstructive Hydrocephalus Often the etiology of hydrocephalus is due to blockage of the cerebrospinal fluid exiting the ventricles. The most common site of this blockage is at the cerebral aqueduct, called aqueductal stenosis. Though this occurs more commonly in children, it can present in adulthood

Objective: Placement of ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a well-accepted neurosurgical procedure for the management of obstructive hydrocephalus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate our long-term experience in the management of obstructive hydrocephalus in adult patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older. It affects adult males and females, as well as people of different races, about equally. Experts believe that normal-pressure hydrocephalus accounts for five to six percent of all dementia cases In adult onset of obstructive hydrocephalus, there is usually a mechanical blockage of the spinal fluid flow including tumors, webbings, Chiari malformation or prior hemorrhage. The usual treatment involves either endoscopic third ventriculostomy or shunting

hydrocephalus in adults - hydrocephalus in adult

  1. Hydrocephalus can affect anyone at any age but is most common in infants and older adults. Some of these cases can be associated with abnormalities in the brain and spinal cord during pregnancy. The two major types of hydrocephalus are called communicating hydrocephalus and non-communicating hydrocephalus
  2. But the pressure of too much cerebrospinal fluid associated with hydrocephalus can damage brain tissues and cause a range of impairments in brain function. Hydrocephalus can happen at any age, but it occurs more frequently among infants and adults 60 and over
  3. Symptoms of obstructive hydrocephalus can be seen in both adults and kids, but they are often more visually noticeable in infants. Because infants' skulls are not fully developed, the buildup of fluid can cause their head to enlarge
  4. Obstructive hydrocephalus is a term usually used to denote obstructive non-communicating hydrocephalus
  5. The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. It consists of a long, flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the proper rate. One end of the tubing is usually placed in one of the brain's ventricles
  6. Non-communicating hydrocephalus — also called obstructive hydrocephalus — occurs when the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is blocked along one or more of the narrow passages connecting the ventricles
  7. Overview Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles of the brain. CSF surrounds the brain and spinal cord

Obstructive Hydrocephalus Pacific Adult Hydrocephalus Cente

Obstructive (noncommunicating) hydrocephalus is a complex disorder resulting from an obstacle impeding the cerebrospinal fluid pathways within the ventricular system. The radiological findings indicating the diagnosis of obstructive hydrocephalus as well as the clinical symptoms are described Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), hydrocephalus is believed to affect approximately one to two in every 1,000 children born in the U.S Obstructive hydrocephalus is reported in 70% to 80% of children with posterior fossa tumors and is frequently the cause of clinical deterioration at the time of diagnosis. 56,57 Depending on the patient's symptoms and the severity of the associated hydrocephalus, a decision must be made whether to treat the hydrocephalus up front or at the. Obstructive hydrocephalus (also called non-communicating hydrocephalus) is a form of hydrocephalus which is caused by some visible blockage in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid Hydrocephalus is the symptomatic accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the cerebral ventricles. This accumulation may be due to obstruction in the normal flow of the CSF, or to problems with absorption into the venous system by the Pacchionian arachnoid granulations, or due to excessive production of CSF

Obstructive hydrocephalus in adult patients: the Louisiana

  1. experimental model of chronic obstructive hydrocephalus: hypoglossal and vagal nuclei show an increase in staining for VEGF-R2 at 22 days post-hydroc ephalus induction ( A , B ), and the solitary.
  2. Normal pressure hydrocephalus primarily affects people in their 60s and 70s. The Hydrocephalus Association estimates that nearly 700,000 adults have normal pressure hydrocephalus, but it is often misdiagnosed as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. In fact, less than 20 percent of people with the disease are properly diagnosed
  3. Normal pressure hydrocephalus occurs in older adults when the ventricles of the brain are enlarged, but there is little or no increase in the pressure within the ventricles. Sometimes the cause of NPH is known - but most often it is idiopathic, which means the cause is not known
  4. Obstructive (non-communicating) hydrocephalus is caused by a blockage in the system of cavities (ventricles) in the brain. The blockage prevents the cerebrospinal fluid from flowing (or communicating) with the area that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (subarachnoid space), as it normally should
  5. Causes of hydrocephalus in adults include: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes one third of these cases by blocking the arachnoid villi and limiting resorption of CSF. However, communication..
  6. A retrospective study of 14 adults with spontaneous IVH and hydrocephalus treated with intraventricular urokinase from 2002-2005, suggested that the therapy was safe; in comparison to historical controls, it seemed to be associated with reduced mortality and reduced incidence of ventricular drain obstruction
  7. A computerized tomography scan revealed ventriculomegaly and transependymal flow, with an obstruction at the level of the fourth ventricle. Outpatient magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a lobulated cystic mass within the fourth ventricle, demonstrating a gross appearance consistent with racemose NCC

Adult-onset Hydrocephalus - Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

  1. a of Luschka and Magendie. This MRI sagittal image demonstrates dilatation of lateral ventricles with stretching of..
  2. The term hydrocephalus is a modern Latin adaptation from Greek hudrokephalon, from húdōr (water) + kephalē (head). 1 Hydrocephalus is not a single disease entity. It is rather a spectrum of conditions where there is a disturbance in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics. 2 The practice of hydrocephalus in adults is different from that of pediatrics
  3. Acquired hydrocephalus can affect children or adults. It usually develops after an illness or injury. For example, it may happen after a serious head injury or as a complication of a medical condition, such as a brain tumour. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH
  4. Aqueductal stenosis is the most common cause of congenital obstructive hydrocephalus, but can also be seen in adults as an acquired abnormality. Epidemiology Congenital aqueductal stenosis has an estimated incidence of ~1:5000 births although.

Hydrocephalus can also be caused by overproduction of CSF (relative obstruction) (e.g., choroid plexus papilloma, villous hypertrophy). Bilateral ureteric obstruction is a rare, but reported, cause of hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus can be classified into communicating and noncommunicating (obstructive) Pressures were mild and transiently elevated, and brain compliance decreased. Clinical symptoms were also mild and transient. This model is unique in its focal obstruction without local compression or general inflammation and should facilitate the study of the pathophysiology and treatment of chronic adult-onset hydrocephalus. PMID: 1052282 The results of this retrospective study show that ventriculoperitoneal shunting is effective in the management of adult patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. The overall incidence of shunt. Objective Placement of ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a well-accepted neurosurgical procedure for the management of obstructive hydrocephalus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate our long-term experience in the management of obstructive hydrocephalus in adult patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts Obstructive hydrocephalus. Obstructive hydrocephalus results from problems in the circulation and reabsorption of cerebrospinal fluid CSF.. Epidemiology. While obstructive hydrocephalus is a relatively common and potentially life-threatening condition, transient obstructive hydrocephalus is a rare condition in adults.. Etiology. Obstructive hydrocephalus Etiology

Hydrocephalus in Adults Department of Neurosurger

  1. Hydrocephalus is a disturbance in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is a clear fluid produced in the brain's ventricles (an interconnected series of cavities deep in the brain). CSF fills the areas in and around the brain and spinal cord to help support and cushion delicate structures. The fluid also plays a role in supplying nutrients, and clearing the brain of potentially harmful.
  2. an adult and a child with hydrocephalus due to a cyst of the cavum septum pellucidum (andvergae)6 further cases in adults, children, and infants have been reported occasionally, usually in single case reports or reviews.' 7-11 Wehave described five patients with symp-toms ofpersistent or intermittent obstructive hydrocephalus associated with an.
  3. Causes of hydrocephalus in adults include: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes one third of these cases by blocking the arachnoid villi and limiting resorption of CSF. However, communication.

cistern resulting in hydrocephalus is very rare. Patient concerns: We present a 55-year-old female with 2 years history of headaches and blurring of vision. Cranial nerves examinations were unremarkable. Diagnoses: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and digital subtraction angiography showed multiple tortuous vascular malformation in the 3rd ventricle and quadrigeminal cistern resulting in. Hydrocephalus happens most often in infants or in adults older than 60, but you can have it at any age. It can't be cured, but with early diagnosis and treatment, people can live active lives. A baby with hydrocephalus has extra fluid around the brain. This fluid is called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Too much CSF can increase the pressure in your baby's head. This causes the bones in your baby's skull to expand and separate. The baby's head may look larger than normal Obstructive hydrocephalus occurs when the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain is physically blocked. This leads to an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid and increased pressure in the head that can cause headaches, problems with vision, nausea and vomiting, loss of bladder control, imbalance, memory loss or other symptoms Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered as a treatment of choice for obstructive hydrocephalus. It is indicated in hydrocephalus secondary to congenital aqueductal stenosis, posterior third ventricle tumor, cerebellar infarct, Dandy-Walker malformation, vein of Galen aneurism, syringomyelia with or without Chiari malformation type I, intraventricular hematoma, post infective.

What Causes Hydrocephalus? There are numerous causes of hydrocephalus that occur in adults. One can be born with an obstruction (aqueductal stenosis) and in utero or developmental events can result in some versions of hydrocephalus Noncommunicating (obstructive) hydrocephalus is when there is a blockage of the CSF causing widening (dilation) of the pathways that are located upstream of the block, resulting in an increased pressure inside the brain. There are also 2 other forms of hydrocephalus that usually affect only adults: Normal-pressure hydrocephalus is where the.

Hydrocephalus project

communicating hydrocephalus - also called obstructive hydrocephalus - occurs when the flow of CSF is blocked along one or more of the narrow pathways connecting the ventricles. One of the most common causes of hydrocephalus is aqueductal stenosis. In this case, hydrocephalus results from Congenital hydrocephalus is caused by a birth defect or genetic disorder; acquired hydrocephalus has other causes, such as a hemorrhage, infection, or tumor. 1 Obstructive hydrocephalus is caused by an obstruction of CSF drainage by a tumor, congenital defect, or infection. 6 Most cases of hydrocephalus are obstructive. Communicating. Non-communicating hydrocephalus . Also called obstructive hydrocephalus, non-communicating hydrocephalus occurs. occurs when the fine connections between the ventricles become blocked. Normal pressure hydrocephalus . This only affects the elderly50 years of age or older. It can develop after a stroke, injury, infection, surgery, or bleeding ADULT-ONSET OBSTRUCTIVE HYDROCEPHALUS. In the adult, obstructive hydrocephalus is a consequence of the blockage of CSF flow within the ventricular system, typically at the narrow points of the foramen of Monro, the cerebral aqueduct of Sylvius, or the outlet foramina of the fourth ventricle Hydrocephalus ex-vacuo results from brain damage caused by stroke or injury. In these cases, brain tissues around the ventricles shrink, and the ventricles are bigger than normal because of this. Strictly speaking, this is not a true hydrocephalus, but rather, a hydrocephalus look-alike condition. • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH

Computed tomography (CT Scan) is a reliable procedure for diagnosing and assisting in the management of hydrocephalus. A CT scan or MRI is used for diagnosis in older children and in adults. In most cases, ventricular size can be compared to prior scans when the shunt was performing well or to normal values In adults, there are four different types; obstructive, communicating, hypersecretory, and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). Congenital or developmental hydrocephalus is often present at birth and is often part of a genetic syndrome or spinal dysraphism obstructive hydrocephalus: hydrocephalus secondary to a block in cerebrospinal fluid flow in the ventricular system or between the ventricular system and spinal canal. Synonym(s): noncommunicating hydrocephalus The Adult Hydrocephalus Program at Brigham and Women's Hospital consists of a multidisciplinary team of neurosurgeons, neurologists, neuroradiologists, physical therapists and other professionals who are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus and other disorders of CSF flow

Hydrocephalus Fact Sheet National Institute of

An obstruction inside the ventricular system proximal to fourth ventricle foramina of Luschka and Magendie causes obstructive hydrocephalus, whereas an obstruction outside the ventricular system causes communicating hydrocephalus. Increased CSF production is rare and may occur with choroid plexus papilloma Hydrocephalus is an abnormal build-up of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) within and around the brain, which can due to excess fluid production, obstruction to its flow, and inadequate absorption[1] If left untreated, the excess fluid can cause increase the pressure put on the skull and brain, which can be damaging[2] Communicating hydrocephalus (also called non-obstructive hydrocephalus) is a form of hydrocephalus which does not arise from a visible blockage in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by abnormal flow and/or re-absorption of the cerebrospinal fluid, the water-like liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal. Communicating hydrocephalus (non-obstructive hydrocephalus) is caused by inadequate reabsorption of CSF. The excessive accumulation of CSF results in an abnormal enlargement of the spaces in the brain called ventricles. This causes potentially harmful pressure on the tissues of the brain. In infancy, the most obvious indication of hydrocephalus.

Hydrocephalus - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Obstructive Hydrocephalus: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

  1. Hydrocephalus (excess fluid in the brain) is treated with surgery. Babies who are born with hydrocephalus (congenital) and children or adults who develop it (acquired hydrocephalus) usually need prompt treatment to reduce the pressure on their brain. If hydrocephalus is not treated, the increase in pressure will cause brain damage
  2. Obstructive hydrocephalus. G91.1 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM G91.1 became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of G91.1 - other international versions of ICD-10 G91.1 may differ
  3. a of the fourth ventricle. Most cases of communicating hydrocephalus are due to subarachnoid hemorrhage or meningitis, the former obstructing the arachnoidal villi and the latter often obstructing more proximally at the level.
  4. There are two other forms of hydrocephalus which do not fit exactly into the categories mentioned above and primarily affect adults: hydrocephalus ex-vacuo and normal pressure hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus ex-vacuo occurs when stroke or traumatic injury cause damage to the brain. In these cases, brain tissue may actually shrink

Noncommunicating obstructive hydrocephalus caused by obstruction of foramina of Luschka and Magendie. This MRI axial image demonstrates fourth ventricle dilatation. Communicating hydrocephalus with surrounding atrophy and increased periventricular and deep white matter signal on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences In contrast, some adult patients with obstructive hydrocephalus caused by CPCs complained of chronic obscure symptoms.[2 6] Obstructive hydrocephalus caused by CPCs in adulthood progressed more gradually than that in childhood, because there is greater ventricle volume in adult patients to compensate for cyst growth Noncommunicating hydrocephalus (obstructive hydrocephalus) Obstruction of the cerebral aqueduct of Sylvius, the lateral foramen of Luschka, or the median foramen of Magendie results in o bstructed passage of CSF from the ventricles to the subarachnoidal space. Congenital: Noncommunicating hydrocephalus is the most common form of congenital. Symptoms of hydrocephalus depend upon age, and may range from irritability, sleepiness, and poor feeding to vomiting, personality and memory changes, difficulty walking, and urinary incontinence. Treatment is aimed at fixing the cause of the hydrocephalus and relieving the pressure on the brain. It is not known how many adults are affected by.

Obstructive hydrocephalus Radiology Reference Article

Introduction. Obstructive hydrocephalus develops due to a blockage in circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). From the clinical point of view, obstructive hydrocephalus results from diseases causing an occlusion in the ventricular system, and it is also termed non-communicating hydrocephalus [].The issue of treatment in obstructive hydrocephalus has been subject to evolution for years. Hydrocephalus can happen to anyone at any age. However, it occurs more frequently to infants and adults over 60. Surgical management is the gold standard in treating hydrocephalus with the main goal of decreasing fluid build-up and relieving intracranial pressure, thus alleviating functional impairments and preventing permanent damage Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord and Hydrocephalus Associated with Vitamin B12 Deficiency. Case Report Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord and Hydrocephalus Associated with Vitamin B12 Deficiency Wei Sun1, Guangsheng Li1, Zhao... Download PDF

Normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), also called malresorptive hydrocephalus, is form of communicating hydrocephalus in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) occurs in the ventricles, and with normal or slightly elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure.As the fluid builds up, it causes the ventricles to enlarge and the pressure inside the head to increase, compressing surrounding brain tissue. The inflammation-related theory of hydrocephalus is well established in neonatal hydrocephalus after IVH, for example, dysfunction of arachnoid granulations due to obliterative arachnoiditis26 or CSF flow obstruction due to fibrotic blockage.27 In contrast, the theory and evidence to support or disprove it are limited in adults Hydrocephalus is the buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. Normally, this fluid cushions your brain. When you have too much, though, it puts harmful pressure on your brain. Hydrocephalus can be congenital, or present at birth. Causes include genetic problems and problems with how the fetus develops hydrocephalus; complete disappearance of brainstem and cerebellar tonsil herniation, hydromylia and the hyperintense signal on T2 weighted MRI of cervical spinal cord. Conclusion: This case confirms the existence of hydrocephalus caused by idiopathic fourth ventricle outflows obstruction in adult and the efficacy of ETV for this rare indication

Hydrocephalus - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

There are several types of hydrocephalus, including normal pressure hydrocephalus (seen in older adults), obstructive hydrocephalus and congenital hydrocephalus. Causes of hydrocephalus include head injury, surgery, bleeding in the brain, tumors, genetic problems or infection Anyway when it is about obstructive hydrocephalus it means that it is caused by some brain ventricular system obstruction that causes unusual CSF flow and basically one of the main causes of obstructive hydrocephalus is narrowing of the brain channels that connects 2 ventricles so the only treatment opt here is surgery which I recommend. Hydrocephalus and mental retardation in some cases of aqueductal stenosis are indolent and are discovered in adult life. Aqueductal atresia It may be caused by clots from intraventricular bleeding, infection, and other pathologies that cause gliosis and obliterate the aqueduct Obstructive or Non-communicating Hydrocephalus: Non-communicating hydrocephalus obstruction in the system between the source of CSF production (ventricles) and the area of its reabsorption (the subarachnoid space). May be partial, intermittent, or complete. Occurs in the majority of cases. Caused by congenital defects, such as Arnold-Chiar

Children usually require shunt diversion for obstructive hydrocephalus. In adults, shunts are more commonly placed for communicating hydrocephalus or normal pressure hydrocephalus. Normal CSF production is approximately 0.3 to 0.4 mL/min (18-24 mL/h, or 500 mL/day) (3) Hydrocephalus Causes. The three main causes of hydrocephalus are: A blockage.Tumors, cysts, birth defects, and other objects in the brain can block or affect the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid Video Visits are Available. Many of our doctors offer video visits. Select the doctor's name to schedule an appointment online. Learn more about video visits. If you have a NYU Langone Health MyChart account, you can and schedule your visit in two easy steps. If you have a NYU Langone Health MyChart account, you can and schedule. CHAPTER 34 Clinical Evaluation of Adult Hydrocephalus. Diagnosis and management of adult patients with hydrocephalus continue to be challenging. Too often, management of hydrocephalus has been restricted to thinking about drainage of a balloon—the cerebral mantle is equally important and much less forgiving

Obstructive hydrocephalus occurs when the flow of the spinal fluid is blocked by something, like a tumor. Communicating hydrocephalus occurs when the brain is not able to absorb the spinal fluid correctly causing too much fluid to collect. Some older patients can have a type of hydrocephalus known as Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) Reference: In this Scenario offered by AHA, a pt S/P shunt for hydrocephalus is coded with the Dx of hydrocephalus, Obstructive Coding Clinic: 4th Q 1993 Question: The patient is a 48-year-old woman with a history of acquired aqueductal stenosis and ventriculoperitioneal (VP) shunt status since age fifteen with multiple revisions Adults who are older need a total neurological as well as physical exam if suffering: Difficulties walking; Thinking impaired; Urinary incontinence; Hydrocephalus Causes. Basically hydrocephalus is due to a buildup of excess fluid in the brain. The brain is the coherence of gelatin or jello and floats in cerebrospinal fluid bath

Different Types of Hydrocephalus Advanced Neurosurgery

Hydrocephalus, defined as the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain, may occur in the setting of obstructed CSF flow throughout the ventricular system, in which case the term obstructive hydrocephalus is used. Signs and symptoms depend on the age of the patient and the underlying cause. A comprehensive clinical and imaging workup is necessary to make the diagnosis and. adult hydrocephalus is more common than pediatric hydro-cephalus.2 The distinction between what is called obstructive versus communicating hydrocephalus is often the simplest classi-fication scheme and is by far the most limiting if one is attempting to more clearly understand the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus Transient obstructive hydrocephalus. Obstructive hydrocephalus is a neurological emergency that needs to be immediately identified and treated. It very rarely resolves without treatment. Epidemiology. While obstructive hydrocephalus is a relatively common and potentially life-threatening condition, transient obstructive hydrocephalus is a rare condition in adults

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is the increase in intracranial pressure due to abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. This swelling of the brain affects the brain's ability to function normally. The buildup of fluid occurs when there is blockage in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid Hydrocephalus can be acute or chronic and has a myriad of causes, with different etiologies primarily affecting children, young and middle age adults, and the elderly. For this reason, the scientific community has yet to produce a universally accepted definition tal hydrocephalus was determined based on a history of hydrocephalus at an early age (< 3 years) or radiographic abnormalities suggestive of a congenital malformation or aberrant anatomy of the ventricular system in conjunction with craniomegaly. Patients were considered to have ac-quired aqueductal stenosis if obstructive hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus may be described as either communicating, in which the obstruction to the flow of CSF occurs outside the brain ventricles, or noncommunicating (also called obstructive hydrocephalus), in which the obstruction to the flow of CSF occurs within the ventricles. In rare cases communicating hydrocephalus arises from overproduction of. Browse 428 hydrocephalus stock photos and images available, or search for neurosurgery or water to find more great stock photos and pictures. digital illustration of head in profile showing cerebrospinal fluid on brain of baby - hydrocephalus stock illustrations. cross section biomedical illustration of cerebral shunt with valve inserted in.

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Cranial enlargement, irritability, engorged scalp veins, abducens palsy. What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus seen in older children and adults? Asymptomatic, headaches, visual disturbances, abducens palsy, impaired consciousness. In which situations are high pressure headaches at their worst Developed by renowned radiologists in each specialty, STATdx provides comprehensive decision support you can rely on - Intraventricular Obstructive Hydrocephalus Hydrocephalus is excess fluid in the brain, and is a condition in infants. A large head may be a symptom along with rapid increase in head size or vomiting. If caught early, placement of a shunt to reduce the fluid can result in close to normal life